Market Data Bank

Poor Bond Outlook May Herald A New Stock Valuation Regime

(Wednesday, Sept. 9, 2020; 3:30 PM EST) With a 10-Year Treasury bond currently yielding a paltry 0.6%, and Federal Reserve chief Jerome Powell saying the central bank is "not even thinking about thinking about raising rates," investors could be at the dawn of a new era of expanded stock multiples.

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The solid red lines in the accompanying chart illustrate the historical p-e ratio of 16 and 19 and the black line shows the actual S&P 500 index. The dotted red lines on the right side of the chart illustrate the valuation band through the end of 2021, based on projections from Wall Street analysts and collected by Institutional Brokers' Estimate System (IBES), a Thomson Reuters company.  With the S&P 500 current p-e multiple at 20.6, the price of the S&P 500 in the black line is way above the upper end of the valuation band of 19. This indicates a new era of higher valuations on stocks be dawning. The sources of the data are Yardeni Research, Inc. and Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S for actual and estimated operating earnings from 2015; Standard and Poor's Corp. for actual operating earnings data through 2014 and stock index price data through September 4, 2020.  The actual earnings in 2019 were $162.97. Estimated earnings for 2020 are $130.13 and $166.43 in 2021.

This is not a stock market prediction; it's just the facts about fundamentals that support a case for a new paradigm  of higher valuations on stocks.

For decades, the average share price of a company in the Standard & Poor's 500 has traded at a multiple of between $16 and $19 for every $1 of profits expected in the next 12 months. However, with bonds yielding less than 1%, stocks are more attractive. Applying the historical p-e valuation band of 16 to 19 would be investing solely based on what's happened in the past, like driving a car based on what you see in your rear-view mirror. But is  your portfolio positioned for what's ahead?

According to the Fed's recent public statements, current financial economic conditions, which are characterized by 10-year U.S. T-bond yields of less than 1% and 1.5% annual inflation rate for a decade, are unlikely to change anytime soon. The decline in the relative value of bonds makes stocks a more attractive investment. So, it's reasonable to expect money to be driven into stocks and raise share prices. To be clear, this could be the dawn of a new era of justifiably higher price-to-earnings (p/e) ratios.

Since bond yields have never been this low before, no one knows how much more stocks may be worth relative to bonds and precisely what the p-e ratio should be. This uncertainty may contribute to big swings in stock prices, like the one that's unfolded over the past few days.

Long-term investors may want to consider how an expansion of the market's valuation multiple might affect their personal portfolio.

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